The figure element
represents some flow content, optionally with a caption, that is self-contained and is typically referenced as a single unit from
the main flow of the document.
The element can thus be used to annotate illustrations, diagrams, photos, code listings, etc, that are referred to from the main content of the document, but that could, without affecting the flow of the document, be moved away from that primary content, e.g. to the side of the page, to dedicated pages, or to an appendix.